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Advanced
  zones
Probably the most important consideration in determining what garden and landscape plants that you can grow in your garden is whether or not they will survive the climate in your area.
 
The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map factors in average winter minimum temperatures. This collection of information starts with Zone 1, where minimum temperatures can go down to MINUS 50 degrees Fahrenheit, and ranges to Zone 11, for the lucky gardeners in Hawaii and extreme Southern Florida where lows don't drop below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
 
The data on which the USDA map is based was gathered over a period of 60 years.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Examples
Zone Fahrenheit Celsius Example Cities
1 Below -50 F Below -45.6 C Fairbanks, Alaska; Resolute, Northwest Territories (Canada)
2a -50 to -45 F -42.8 to -45.5 C Prudhoe Bay, Alaska; Flin Flon, Manitoba (Canada)
2b -45 to -40 F -40.0 to -42.7 C Unalakleet, Alaska; Pinecreek, Minnesota
3a -40 to -35 F -37.3 to -39.9 C International Falls, Minnesota; St. Michael, Alaska
3b -35 to -30 F -34.5 to -37.2 C Tomahawk, Wisconsin; Sidney, Montana
4a -30 to -25 F -31.7 to -34.4 C Minneapolis/St.Paul, Minnesota; Lewistown, Montana
4b -25 to -20 F -28.9 to -31.6 C Northwood, Iowa; Nebraska
5a -20 to -15 F -26.2 to -28.8 C Des Moines, Iowa; Illinois
5b -15 to -10 F -23.4 to -26.1 C Columbia, Missouri; Mansfield, Pennsylvania
6a -10 to -5 F -20.6 to -23.3 C St. Louis, Missouri; Lebanon, Pennsylvania
6b -5 to 0 F -17.8 to -20.5 C McMinnville, Tennessee; Branson, Missouri
7a 0 to 5 F -15.0 to -17.7 C Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; South Boston, Virginia
7b 5 to 10 F -12.3 to -14.9 C Little Rock, Arkansas; Griffin, Georgia
8a 10 to 15 F -9.5 to -12.2 C Tifton, Georgia; Dallas, Texas
8b 15 to 20 F -6.7 to -9.4 C Austin, Texas; Gainesville, Florida
9a 20 to 25 F -3.9 to -6.6 C Houston, Texas; St. Augustine, Florida
9b 25 to 30 F -1.2 to -3.8 C Brownsville, Texas; Fort Pierce, Florida
10a 30 to 35 F 1.6 to -1.1 C Naples, Florida; Victorville, California
10b 35 to 40 F 4.4 to 1.7 C Miami, Florida; Coral Gables, Florida
11 above 40 F above 4.5 C Honolulu, Hawaii; Mazatlan, Mexico


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Most planting directions are based on the average last frost date. The last frost date for an area is the last day in the spring that you might have a killing frost.
 
When making your plant selections, it is wise to consult more experienced gardening friends for advice regarding your local conditions. Their knowledge can be invaluable.
 
Last Frost Date



 
Average Dates of the Last Spring Frost
Jun 1 - Jun 30 May 1 - May 31 Apr 1 - Apr 30 Mar 1 - Mar 31 Feb 1 - Feb 28 Jan 1 - Jan 31
 
Temperature Conversions